Theory of Change

theory of change

  • Tanzania’s constitutional and legal architecture provides (limited) opportunity to enforce and promote rule of law and an active culture of litigation i.e. deploying the law to realize constitutional supremacy.
  • Notwithstanding the limited opportunity, there is scant evidence of citizen agency in leveraging the law to ensure fidelity to rule of law and constitutional supremacy.
  • Limited public legal and constitutional knowledge and debate has allowed for citizens to miss out on the potential to use the law to realize their basic freedoms and rights.
  • Vulnerable groups including women, children, the elders, ethnic and other minorities remain particularly sidelined in the deployment of the law to realize their fundamental rights.
  • Basic freedoms continue to be threatened by the enactment, enforcement, abuse and arbitrary use of existing legislation and a limited criminal justice system at the expense of constitutional supremacy.
  • Judicial activism remains limited from lack of concerted effort by citizens and communities to test the law and to hold the bench to accountable for equity jurisdiction.
  • Public Interest Litigation as a practice is limited by the lack of adequate evidence, knowledge and expertise on the part of practitioners in the communities as well as on the bench.